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By Giuseppina D'Oro, Søren Overgaard

The Cambridge significant other to Philosophical technique deals transparent and accomplished assurance of the most methodological debates and techniques inside philosophy. The chapters during this quantity strategy the query of the way to do philosophy from a variety of views, together with conceptual research, serious thought, deconstruction, experimental philosophy, hermeneutics, Kantianism, methodological naturalism, phenomenology, and pragmatism. They discover basic conceptions of philosophy, focused at the query of what the purpose of philosophising can be; the strategy of conceptual research and its fresh naturalistic critics and opponents; views from continental philosophy; and likewise numerous methodological perspectives that belong neither to the mainstream of analytic philosophy, nor to continental philosophy as generally conceived. jointly they're going to allow readers to understand an surprisingly wide selection of methods to methodological debates in philosophy.

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The Cambridge Companion to Philosophical Methodology

The Cambridge spouse to Philosophical technique deals transparent and accomplished assurance of the most methodological debates and ways inside philosophy. The chapters during this quantity procedure the query of the way to do philosophy from quite a lot of views, together with conceptual research, severe conception, deconstruction, experimental philosophy, hermeneutics, Kantianism, methodological naturalism, phenomenology, and pragmatism.

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In philosophizing we strive for rational coherence in achieving answers to our questions. But how is one to proceed in this venture? It is clear that here, as in other branches of enquiry, we must begin with data. Neither individually nor collectively do we humans begin our cognitive quest empty handed, equipped with only a blank tablet. Be it as single individuals or as entire generations, we always begin with a diversified cognitive heritage, falling heir to that great mass of information and misinformation afforded by the ‘knowledge’ of our predecessors – or those among them to whom we choose to listen.

In that case, the performance of living for the sake of living would be also organized as a project with a goal such as that of writing philosophy, or of being the person who discovers the cure for cancer, or any other goal that one may think is extremely worthwhile and whose value would imbue one’s activity with meaning. II I have argued so far that, according to one plausible conception, philosophy is the art of living. I have also defended the view that since life is a performance rather than a project, the art of living is a performative art.

Rather, even though she may also have other motives for playing at any given time, playing well is the end for the sake of which she engages in the activity. She plays because she loves playing. It is her love of playing that motivates her to play and to improve. The success of her playing is not determined by the achievement of a goal. Instead, success depends on the quality of the performance as a whole to which its parts contribute. These considerations show that if living is an activity which can be done well by those who have mastered the art of living, it must have the structure of a performance since living (well) is that for the sake of which one lives rather than the goal of living.

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