By Kristalyn Shefveland
Shefveland examines Anglo-Indian interactions throughout the belief of local tributaries to the Virginia colony, with particularemphasis at the colonial and tributary and international local settlements of the Piedmont and southwestern Coastal simple among 1646 and 1722.
Read or Download Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722 PDF
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Extra info for Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646-1722
54 It was not until the establishment of Fort Henry and the defeat of the Powhatan in 1646 that English settlers began developing direct relationships with the piedmont Siouan speakers, although there is evidence that an indirect trade with Europeans existed much earlier. 56 This was one of the most important outcomes of the treaty. The English movement into the Southwest included a constant influx of new traders, both European and Native. Involvement in trade had a dramatic effect on the Native population and their movements throughout the Eastern Woodlands.
Involvement in trade had a dramatic effect on the Native population and their movements throughout the Eastern Woodlands. 58 With the assistance of tributaries acting as guides, the English traders progressed south of the James River and into the piedmont. While the 1646 peace opened the interior to trade, it also led to a flood of new issues regarding the role of Indians in the colony. On occasion, the English colonial government actively sought to protect the interests of tributary Natives as part of the treaty agreement.
The colonial assembly took a further step toward infi ltrating the interior with the construction of three forts: Fort Charles at the falls of James River, Fort James on the Chickahominy River, and Fort Royal at the falls of York River. The selection of these locations by the English suggests their knowledge of the importance of the fall line to trade and diplomacy; the Powhatan, Monacan, and other Virginia groups already utilized this region as a zone for trade, and infiltration of the region would prove paramount to the success of the English colony in the long term.