Download Advances in Immunology, Vol. 29 by Henry G. Kunkel and Frank J. Dixon (Eds.) PDF

By Henry G. Kunkel and Frank J. Dixon (Eds.)

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1 Es, sheep erythrocyte; E H , human erythrocyte; BH-LPS, base-hydrolyzed lipopolysaccharide. , 1980). P l H with respect to its interaction with factor B (see above). These observations suggest that a low sialic acid density on the surface of a particle is not required for alternative pathway activation and lend support to the “PlH-antagonist” hypothesis. It has been shown that an activator could be changed into a nonactivator by defined chemical modification. , 1979b). Approximately 12 million substitutions were required to render a zymosan particle a nonactivator, on whose surface C3b molecules are totally susceptible to the control proteins.

MULLER-EBERHARD AND ROBERT D. SCHFWIBER VIII. The Cytolytic Alternative Pathway That the alternative pathway is potentially cytolytic has been known for a number of years. Rabbit erythrocytes, for instance, are readily lysed by human serum in which the classical pathway was inhibited (Platts-Mills and Ishizaka, 1974). , 1978; Nelson and Ruddy, 1979). Recently, it has been possible to assemble the cytolytic alternative pathway entirely from 11isolated proteins of human serum (Schreiber and Muller-Eberhard, 1978a).

SCHFWIBER VIII. The Cytolytic Alternative Pathway That the alternative pathway is potentially cytolytic has been known for a number of years. Rabbit erythrocytes, for instance, are readily lysed by human serum in which the classical pathway was inhibited (Platts-Mills and Ishizaka, 1974). , 1978; Nelson and Ruddy, 1979). Recently, it has been possible to assemble the cytolytic alternative pathway entirely from 11isolated proteins of human serum (Schreiber and Muller-Eberhard, 1978a). The mixture consists of the 6 proteins of the alternative pathway of activation which are described above, and the 5 proteins of the membrane attack pathway, C5, C6, C7, C8, and C9.

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