By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius
This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles targeting the connection among choice variation and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the price of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are various conceptions of the idea, it truly is controversial that on any believable figuring out of person autonomy an self reliant agent must take into consideration the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been urged that permitting one’s strategies to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has bought a few cognizance in different parts of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This ebook combines for the 1st time the themes of choice version, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to reinforce human capacities in a special and accomplished quantity, filling an incredible wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.
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Extra resources for Adaptation and autonomy : adaptive preferences in enhancing and ending life
After all, engaging it is rational given the state of the world, my society, or myself. One might revise HA1 and HA2 in light of the problems noted here. 7 Note the shape of the reasons that lead me to adapt my preferences: such reasons are instrumental or strategic; they are not given my assessment of the per se or intrinsic value of the processes involved. Perhaps these are not reasons of the right kind. But what are? To salvage HA1 or HA2, any such account would have to rule out the possibility that the reason in question is strategic or instrumental in the way the cases of revision I’ve so far explored are.
In: Williams, B. ) Problems of the Self, pp. 82–100. : Sour Grapes, Self-Abnegation, and Character Planning. 1 Introduction Adaptation is a fact of life. If I walk down the street and fall down a manhole, I’m likely to keep a lookout for open manholes in the future. In this case, I adapt to my circumstances; I take a more cautious approach than I might otherwise have. This is true of all forms of life, and plausibly helps to explain the fact that there is, in fact, life at all. Adaptation of preferences is not much different.
Rather, I want to canvass a variety of potential accounts of the nature of autonomous preferences. I conclude that no such account is acceptable. By way of a conclusion, I assess what this verdict might mean for any plan to take preferences seriously in any normative domain. 4 Autonomy and Autonomous Preferences As is noted by many theorists of autonomy, this concept is stretched thin. Nomy Arpaly identifies no less than eight concepts to which the term “autonomy” can and has been used to refer (Arpaly 2003, 118, Ch.