Download Action, Ability and Health: Essays in the Philosophy of by L.Y Nordenfelt PDF

By L.Y Nordenfelt

This ebook is part of the continuing company to appreciate the character of human well-being and disease. This firm has extended dramatically over the past many years. numerous articles, as weIl as a good variety of monographs, in this subject were released through well known foreign publishers. during this dialogue such a lot individuals proportion the concept health and wellbeing is normative suggestion, Le. that health and wellbeing isn't really a phe­ nomenon which are absolutely characterized in organic (or in a different way descriptive) phrases. To ascribe wellbeing and fitness to somebody is eo ipso, in keeping with this line of proposal, to as­ cribe a certainly evaluated estate to this individual. in addition, so much debators proportion the concept health and wellbeing is a holistic estate, belonging to the individual as an entire, while dis­ eases, accidents and defects are entities (or homes of entities) that are very lim­ ited and and mostly impact just a a part of the person. my very own monograph belongs to this custom. A function of my place, which isn't universally said in riyal theories, besides the fact that, is my emphasis at the suggestion of skill as a fundament within the idea of overall healthiness. In my formal characterisation of wellbeing and fitness I view it as astate of an individual that's such that the individual has the facility to fulfi1 his or her very important goals.

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Additional resources for Action, Ability and Health: Essays in the Philosophy of Action and Welfare

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Davidson [22], entailing that we are dealing with different descriptions of the same action rather than different actions. 13 The theory of activity presented by the Russian psychologist Aleksei Leontiev, for instance in [47], has features which resemble the theory proposed here. However, there are also important differences: Leontiev distinguishes between the notions of activity, action and operation. The relation between these categories is similar to the relation of embedment analysed here. An activity in a sense consists of a series of actions and an action is performed by the execution of a set of operations.

Another way ofputting it is to say that G-ing, given proper circumstances, generates the conventional result, which is the endstate of F-ing. Now, given the concepts of basic action and generated action we see that human beings can do things whose results and endstates vary from being very elose to the person to being extremely distant. Although it is true that we say that a person does or performs all the elements contained in a chain of generated actions, there is an interesting difference between the levels generated.

However, there are also important differences: Leontiev distinguishes between the notions of activity, action and operation. The relation between these categories is similar to the relation of embedment analysed here. An activity in a sense consists of a series of actions and an action is performed by the execution of a set of operations. However, the three categories are ontologically separate in Leontiev's structure. The concept of activity is the most general concept. An activity is necessarily motivated.

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