By Odd Lovoll
Across the Deep Blue Sea investigates a bankruptcy in Norwegian immigration background that hasn't ever been totally instructed ahead of. extraordinary S. Lovoll relates how Quebec, Montreal, and different port towns in Canada turned the gateway for Norwegian emigrants to North the USA, exchanging long island because the major vacation spot from 1850 till the past due 1860s. in the course of these years, ninety four percentage of Norwegian emigrants landed in Canada.
After the creation of unfastened alternate, Norwegian crusing ships engaged within the profitable bushes alternate among Canada and the British Isles. Ships carried trees a technique around the Atlantic and emigrants at the approach west. For the overwhelming majority touchdown in Canadian port towns, Canada grew to become a hall to their ultimate locations within the higher Midwest, essentially Wisconsin and Minnesota. Lovoll explains the institution and failure of Norwegian colonies in Quebec Province and can pay due consciousness to the tragic destiny of the Gaspe settlement.
A own tale of the emigrant adventure handed down as kin lore is retold the following, supported by means of broad examine. the adventure south and cost within the higher Midwest completes a hugely human narrative of the travails, patience, mess ups, and successes of people that sought a greater lifestyles in a brand new land.
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Extra info for Across the Deep Blue Sea: The Saga of Early Norwegian Immigrants
Samuel Wilmot, Canada's pioneer fish culturist, reported in 1869 that older settlers near Wilmot's Creek, a relatively small stream emptying into Lake Ontario forty miles east of Toronto, recalled catches of as many as 1,000 in one night thirty to forty years earlier. He later cited his memory of a harvest by canoe and torchlight of 2,000 pounds of salmon in one night at the juncture of Wilmot's Creek and Lake Ontario. 3 John Barret Van Vlack recalled large runs up the Credit River every spring in the 1840s.
As early as 1823, the province of Upper Canada prohibited the practice. 14 A popular item in the markets of towns around Lake Ontario from their earliest history, salmon found their way into a wider stream of commerce. From the market in Rochester, New York, boats could carry them east and west along the Erie Canal. While no record of Canadian commercial totals remains, some reliable contemporary comments do. As late as 1856, salmon caught commercially at Port Credit reportedly numbered more than 200,000, according to the Superintendent of Fisheries for Upper Canada.
Some Great Lakes whitefish appeared in the London and Liverpool markets. 1o The natural increase in native-born people and the addition of millions of foreign-born immigrants to the United States and Canada in the latter half of the century created more consumers. Many incoming western Europeans, given their dietary preferences and their religious practices, found fish a very acceptable food. Moreover, the expansion of the urban working class gave fish sales an impetus. Compared with meat, fish was cheap and thus offered a more affordable way of putting protein on the family table, a reality that the Canadian Department of Marine and Fisheries used to justify government experiments in fish propagation and stocking.