By Jonathan Wagner
Human migration figures prominently in smooth international historical past, and has performed a pivotal position in shaping the Canadian nationwide kingdom. but whereas a lot has been written approximately Canada's multicultural history, little recognition has been paid to German migrants even supposing they compose Canada's 3rd biggest ecu ethnic minority. A historical past of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939 addresses that hole within the checklist. Jonathan Wagner considers why Germans left their domestic state, why they selected to settle in Canada, who assisted their passage, and the way they crossed the sea to their new domestic, in addition to how the Canadian executive perceived and solicited them as immigrants. He examines the German context as heavily as advancements in Canada, supplying a brand new, extra entire method of German-Canadian immigration. This e-book will attract scholars of German Canadiana, in addition to to these drawn to Canadian ethnic heritage, and ecu and smooth foreign migration.
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Extra info for A History of Migration from Germany to Canada, 1850-1939
75 Nevertheless, apologists not only admitted outright that Canada's industry was more traditional than modern, they even celebrated this traditionalism. Pre-Confederation lists of employment opportunities for Germans in Canada nearly always included positions available in the artisan trades. An 1861 brochure from a Canadian agent in Berlin listed some 15,000 job openings in Upper Canada. "77 There were also opportunities in proto-industries such as linen production. Advancements in Canadian flax growing and the linen cloth industry were frequently pointed out and exaggerated claims were not uncommon.
Interested readers and would-be immigrants learned not only about felling trees (dangerous and difficult work) but also about how to remove the logs and stumps, how to stack the felled trees and brush in long rows, and then how to burn this mass of discarded wood. 71 The portrayals of land clearing showcase a different version of nature from the benevolent, romantic picture described above. In this interpretation, as in the distant Germanic past, a hostile, even threatening, nature confronts humanity.
New roads hacked into the country's undeveloped areas opened up additional opportunities for developing farms, mines, and timber operations. 6 million between 1850 and 1870. 26 Such an absence of clarity and apparent fragmentation certainly existed in the period 1850-70, as evidenced by the public pronouncements of Canada's politicians. For example, when the subject of immigration was broached in the debates of the Legislative Council of the United Province of Canada in the early 1860s, the commentators indicated either concern over the absence of a forthright government policy or limited expectations from any program that might or should exist.