By Robert Bideleux
This welcome moment variation of A historical past of jap Europe presents a thematic historic survey of the formative techniques of political, social and fiscal switch that have performed paramount roles in shaping the evolution and improvement of the area. matters lined comprise: japanese Europe in historical, medieval and early smooth instances the legacies of Byzantium, the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Empire the effect of the region's robust Russian and Germanic neighbours rival recommendations of 'Central' and 'Eastern' Europe the event and results of the 2 global Wars kinds of fascism in japanese Europe the effect of Communism from the Forties to the Nineteen Eighties post-Communist democratization and marketization the eastward growth of the european. A background of japanese Europe now comprises new chronologies – one for the Balkans and one for East-Central Europe – and a thesaurus of key words and ideas, delivering entire assurance of a fancy earlier, from antiquity to the current day.
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Additional resources for A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change
Leading Czech noble supporters of Jan Hus formed a Hussite League to defend and promote his teachings and reforms. A (mainly Germanic) Catholic League was formed to oppose them. Czech reformers gained control of most of Bohemia’s churches. Under pressure from the Pope and Emperor Zsigmund, from February to July King Vaclav IV forcibly restricted the Hussite reform movement. Radical Hussites gathered on a hilltop in southern Bohemia known as Mount Tabor to defy the restrictions and launched the so-called Taborite movement, which seized control of Prague in July–August and again in October.
Janos Hunyadi broke a Turkish siege of Nandorfehevar (Belgrade) and routed Ottoman forces, but then died of plague. Renaissance Hungary reached its apogee under Janos Hunyadi’s son, King Matyas Hunyadi. A Hungarian university was established in Pozsony (Bratislava). Bohemia was ruled by weak (later absentee) Jagiellonian monarchs. Printing presses were established in Poland and Hungary. Hungary occupied Moravia. Hungary occupied eastern Austria, including Vienna. Catholics and Hussites negotiated a pact of mutual religious toleration in Bohemia (repeatedly renewed until 1620s).
Slav principalities arose around Nitra and in Moravia. First Christian Church in ECE was consecrated at Nitra (in present Slovakia) by the Catholic Archbishop of Salzburg. Moravia’s ruling elite embraced Catholic Christianity. Mojmir I, ruler of Moravia (820s–846), conquered the Slav principality of Nitra. Prince Rastislav (reg. 846–70) asked BE to send teachers who could propagate Christianity in a language intelligible to Slavs. The Byzantine scholars Methodius and Constantine, who had developed a ‘Glagolitic’ Slavonic script in Thessaloniki, arrived in Greater Moravia in 863 to develop further a Slavic written language and liturgy.