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By Giuseppe Rizzo, Domenico Arduini

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The location is defined by the point’s distances from three orthogonal planes determined by these coordinates. This is a fundamental concept for 3D image processing and interpretation. Each voxel can be digitally quantified to represent objective properties such as opacity, density, color, velocity, or even time. VOLUME RENDERED VIEWS The volume rendered moving image clips are reanalyzed with the software. This includes cropping image volume along the Cartesian orthogonal co-ordinates, X, Y, Z (Fig.

2009; 37(1): 511. [20] Cardiac screening examination of the fetus: guidelines for performing the 'basic' and 'extended basic' cardiac scan. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2006; 27(1): 107-13. [21] Copel JA, Pilu G, Green J, Hobbins JC, Kleinman CS. Fetal echocardiographic screening for congenital heart disease: the importance of the four-chamber view. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1987; 157: 648–55. [22] Berning RA, Silverman NH, Villegas M, Sahn DJ, Martin GR, Rice MJ. Reversed shunting across the ductus arteriosus or atrial septum in utero heralds severe congenital heart disease.

Similar results were recently reported by Rizzo et al [72]. ” The former algorithm involves the steps that are displayed in Video 3 and include: Step 1: Placement of the reference dot in the crux of the heart and alignment of the aorta in the midline on panel A (Fig. 7) Figure 7: Volume datasets were adjusted to display the four chamber view in panel A, where the fetal aorta was aligned with the crux of the heart in the vertical plane. RV: right ventricle; LV: left ventricle; Ao: aorta Step 2: Placement of the reference dot on the aorta in panel A to visualize the coronal view of the aorta in Panel C (Fig.

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