By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century, Charles Wessner, Kenneth Flamm, Masayuki Kondo, Sadao Nagaoka
Spotting means to innovate and commercialize new high-technology items is more and more a key for the commercial progress within the setting of tighter environmental and source constraints, governments worldwide have taken lively steps to bolster their nationwide innovation platforms. those steps underscore the idea of those governments that the emerging expenditures and hazards linked to new possibly high-payoff applied sciences, their spillover or externality-generating results and the turning out to be worldwide pageant, require nationwide R&D courses to help the options via new and latest high-technology agencies inside their borders. The nationwide study Council's Board on technological know-how, expertise, and monetary coverage (STEP) has launched into a learn of chosen international innovation courses compared to significant U.S. courses. The "21st Century Innovation platforms for the USA and Japan: classes from a Decade of swap" symposium reviewed executive courses and projects to help the advance of small- and medium-sized firms, government-university- collaboration and consortia, and the influence of the highbrow estate regime on innovation. This ebook brings jointly the papers awarded on the convention and gives a ancient context of the problems mentioned on the symposium.
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Additional info for 21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium
In J. B. Shoven, ed. Government Policy Toward Industry in the United States and Japan. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 165-239. Peek, Joe, and Eric S. Rosengren. 2005. ” The American Economic Review 95(4):114-1166. Porter, M. , and M. Sakakibara. 2004. ” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 18(1). Posen, Adam. 1998. Restoring Japan’s Economic Growth. : Peterson Institute for International Economics. Reform of University Research System ystem in Japan: Where Do They Stand? Ryuji Shimoda Tokyo Institute of Technology 1.
Stronger institutional support for collaborative research, licensing and high-tech startups would strengthen technology transfer from university to industry. Even in the United States, however, how a university can best contribute to industrial innovation remains controversial. Some argue that universities can best contribute through research excellence, transmitted via good scientiﬁc publications, and education, and that university and industry partnerships may crowd out these more traditional but core activities.
Under the ﬁrst Basic Plan, government spent 17 trillion yen on science and technology during the 1996-2000 period. The Second Plan (2001-2005) called for spending 24 trillion yen, and Third Plan (2006-2010) predicts that the government will spend 25 trillion yen. All these new policy frameworks and actual policy planning reﬂect the strong commitment of the government to science and technology. The feeling is generally shared by the business community and the public, as science and technology are considered the only way for resource-poor Japan to maintain its high standard of living with a rapidly aging and eventually declining population and the challenges from other Asian countries, notably China.